The Internet is a Series of Tubes
Mark Graham and Stefano De Sabbata from the Oxford Internet Institute map the world’s submarine fibre-optic cables to appear like the London’s Tube Map (PDF). But they also go a few steps further.
For the sake of simplicity, many short links have been excluded from the visualization. For instance, it doesn’t show the intricate network of cables under the waters of the Gulf of Mexico, the South and East China Sea, the North Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea. The map instead aims to provide a global overview of the network, and a general sense of how information traverses our planet. (The findings reported below, however, are based on two analysis of the full submarine fibre-optic cable network, and not just the simplified representation shown in the illustration.)
The map also includes symbols referring to countries listed as “Enemies of the Internet” in the 2014 report of Reporters Without Borders. The centrality of the nodes within the network has been calculated using the PageRank algorithm. The rank is important as it highlights those geographical places where the network is most influenced by power (e.g., potential data surveillance) and weakness (e.g., potential service disruption).
Image: Internet Tube, by Mark Graham and Stefano De Sabbata.
Happy birthday, Maya Angelou! Celebrate with her beautiful meditation on home, belonging, and (not) growing up.
Squabbles among the adult children of a famous patriarch are common, but the rancorous disputes of the King siblings—most of them over lucrative licensing deals for their father’s words and image—are rending family ties and friendships forged during some of the most harrowing battles of the civil rights movement.
April 4, 1968: Martin Luther King Jr. is Assassinated
On April 4, 1968, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was fatally shot while standing on the balcony outside his second-story motel room in Memphis, TN.
A collection of original posters created for The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross PBS series features quotations by famous African Americans, including leaders, intellectuals and cultural figures such as Harriet Tubman, W.E.B. DuBois, Zora Neale Hurston, Jackie Robinson, Malcolm X, President Barack Obama, and more. The posters, which can be downloaded, printed and shared, can be found here: http://to.pbs.org/1efp1fy
This is Camden, my 8-year-old son. He was at the finish last year wearing his “my mom is faster than your dad” T-shirt and holding up the sign he had made me. He never got to see me finish. He was sent off into the crowds full of panic and fear. He listened to the adults he was with and did what he was told. He was brave. He tried blocking his ears but the noise was too loud.
Camden thought his mom was “dead.”
In the months after the bombings last year, I would watch him sleep. It brought me back to the first few weeks he was born, when I would stand by his crib to make sure he was breathing.
Last year, I would stand by his bed and cry, knowing that my brave little man never got to show me the sign he made; knowing my race had put him in harms way; reliving the two hours I spent in silence not knowing if he was safe.
I felt guilt and anger.
Camden won’t be at the finish this year. He said “sorry mom, I just can’t go.” I am running Boston to show Camden that his mom is brave and that, with time, he will be able to go to the Boston Marathon again.
He will be able to see a fire truck without looking scared or watch fireworks without jumping into our laps in a panic. He will be able to sit through a thunderstorm without running for cover.
The thought of him not being at the finish breaks my heart and will open up a new stream of emotions. And I am sure when I get home on April 21st, 2014, I will watch Camden fall asleep and I will cry. Tears of happiness that together we did it!
— Amanda Burgess
Niedringhaus, a photographer with the Associated Press, was shot and killed by an Afghan policeman. Fellow reporter Kathy Gannon was also wounded.
For three decades, starting in the 1930s, he did the same thing. He’d sit inside a photo booth. He’d smile. He’d pose.
And then—pop! pop! pop!—out would pop a glossy self-portrait, in shades of black and white. There he was, staring back at himself … and grinning. And, sometimes, almost scowling. There he was, mirthful. And, sometimes, almost scornful.
The man—nobody knows who he was—repeated this process 455 times, at least, and he did so well into the 1960s. Nobody knows for sure why he did it. Or where he did it. All we know is that he took nearly 500 self-portraits over the course of thirty years, at a time when taking self-portraits was significantly more difficult than it is today, creating a striking record of the passage of time.
The man’s effort is now being shared with the public in the form of a collection being shown at Rutgers’ Zimmerli Art Museum in New Brunswick. “445 Portraits of a Man,” the exhibit is appropriately called, takes these early, earnest selfies and presents them as art.
Read more. [Image courtesy Donald Lokuta]
Source: The Atlantic
This Week in War. A Friday round-up of what happened and what’s been written in the world of war and military/security affairs this week. It’s a mix of news reports, policy briefs, blog posts and longform journalism. Subscribe here to receive this round-up by email.
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- This morning, veteran Associated Press photographer Anja Niedringhaus was killed in Khost, Afghanistan. She was killed instantly when an Afghan policeman opened fire on her car. Reporter Kathy Gannon, who was also in the car, was wounded.
- Chad is withdrawing from African Union peacekeeping forces in the Central African Republic over criticism of its conduct.
- The EU launched its military mission in CAR.
- According to the UN, over a million have been displaced by violence in South Sudan.
- The death toll in Syria is 150,000, with a third of those deaths civilians, says the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
- Spanish journalist and photographer Javier Espinosa and Ricardo Garcia Vilanova returned home after six months imprisonment by an Al Qaeda-affiliated group in Syria.
- Lebanon registered its millionth refugee from Syria.
- President Abbas took steps to join 15 international agencies, seeking increased statelike legitimacy for Palestine outside of the negotiating table. Peace talks between Israel and Palestine are faltering and the blame game is beginning.
- The US is considering the release of Israeli spy Jonathan Pollard as part of negotiations.
- Egypt denied three Al Jazeera journalists bail.
- Thirteen Bahrainis were sentenced to life in prison on charges of illegal protest and reportedly trying to kill a police officer.
- Iranian border guards held captive by an Al Qaeda-linked group on the Iran-Pakistan border have been freed.
- The Washington Post interviews Special Inspector General for Afghan Reconstruction John Sopko on future challenges for oversight in Afghanistan.
- March was the first month in over seven years where there were no US combat casualties in Afghanistan.
- The situation in Afghanistan currently is highly tense, with elections being held on Saturday. Security forces said earlier this week that they had seized 22 tons of explosives and officials have shut down popular hangouts among foreigners in an attempt to decrease pre-election attacks on non-Afghans. Televised debates among the candidates were cancelled over security concerns.
- 15 Taliban commanders were killed in Ghazni province when a suicide bomber detonated to block their plans to disrupt elections.
- A suicide bombing at the Ministry of the Interior left six policemen dead.
- Pakistan’s PM released 16 Taliban prisoners as part of an attempt to strengthen peace talks.
- Talks are set to continue but the Pakistani Taliban’s ceasefire is over.
- Former Pakistani military ruler Pervez Musharraf, recently officially indicted on treason charges, narrowly escaped an assassination attempt.
- Pakistani journalist Raza Rumi also survived an attempted assassination when gunmen opened fire on his car. His driver was killed.
- Pakistan will not be getting excess US military equipment from Afghanistan.
- After India refused to declassify a controversial 1963 report on India’s defeat against China the year before, Australian journalist Neville Maxwell, who had obtained the report in 1970, released it on his blog.
- An inquiry has concluded that Ukraine’s special Berkut police were the ones responsible for the shooting deaths of anti-government protesters. Ex-president Viktor Yanukovich is also receiving blame.
- General Breedlove, the top NATO commander, expressed concern that massed Russian troops were capable of mobilizing on Ukraine with 12 hours’ notice.
- An Iraq veteran opened fire at Fort Hood killing three and wounding sixteen before taking his own life. The soldier was being treated for post-traumatic stress, but many have urged caution over the impulse to connect post-traumatic stress to the shooting as the obvious explanation.
- Author Cara Hoffman writes that women veterans’ experiences with homecoming, post-traumatic stress and acknowledgment for service are under-represented in literature and media: ”I can’t help but think women soldiers would be afforded the respect they deserve if their experiences were reflected in literature, film and art, if people could see their struggles, their resilience, their grief represented. “
- The Senate Intelligence Committee voted on Thursday to declassify the CIA report on interrogation that concludes the agency’s extreme interrogation measures yielded little results and that the CIA actively misled government officials about the program.
- ProPublica breaks down the three main legislative proposals regarding NSA reforms and what each would and wouldn’t do.
- New York Times reporter David Sanger talks to NPR Fresh Air about cyber war.
- Popular Mechanics tells the story of California state Senator Leland Yee’s corruption and arms dealing scandal by walking readers through the particular weapons involved.
Photo: Kabul, Afghanistan. Afghan policemen atop their armored car rush to the scene of militant attacks on the Afghan election commission’s headquarters. Anja Niedringhaus/AP.
$18.23. That’s how much a can of nuts costs, on average, in Toronto hotel minibars. That was the highest pricetag (in US dollars) for nuts in TripAdvisor’s Tripindex survey of room service prices across the world—though the hotels in New York, Oslo, and some other cities weren’t that far behind.
Internet slang. We used to make an effort to avoid this, and now I see us all falling back into the habit. We want to sound like regular adult human beings, not Buzzfeed writers or Reddit commenters. Therefore: No “epic.” No “pwn.” No “+1.” No “derp.” No “this”/”this just happened.” No “OMG.” No “WTF.” No “lulz.” No “FTW.” No “win.” No “amazeballs.” And so on. Nothing will ever “win the internet” on Gawker. As with all rules there are exceptions. Err on the side of the Times, not XOJane.
What does the Supreme Court’s “McCutcheon” decision this week have to do with today’s jobs report, showing 192,000 new jobs for March?
Connect the dots. More than five years after Wall Street’s near meltdown the number of full-time workers is still 4 million less than it was in December…
Nikola Tesla, General Exclusion of Women in Science, Queen Bee and The Bee Hive, Science Needs Black Women
Now before anything I’m gonna apologize to my black followers for not using a black woman scientist to portray what I what I wanted to and using a white male scientist to do so but there’s a metaphor he uses that all ties into this post.
A lot of scientists, enthusiasts, communities and many…